There are several dozens of yogic practices. And their number is constantly growing. It was originally used as a tool for self-knowledge and health. In our time, this spiritual practice is increasingly perceived as a kind of physical education and used as physical training. Therefore, in modern classification, there are new varieties, such as fitness yoga, power yoga. Choose the right kind should be based on your desires and goals: what exactly do you expect to get from yoga, what you need it for. In addition, you need to pay attention to the level of your physical training. The proposed training program should correspond to it. In this article, we will tell you about the most popular types of yoga, as well as their differences.
Hatha – is one of the most common today. With the help of this practice, you can achieve various goals: to get excellent health, longevity, good physical development, psychophysical harmony. All this is achieved by performing asanas, breathing exercises, meditation, concentration, proper nutrition. Practice Hatha yoga can be almost everything, but especially it is suitable for people with diseases of the back, joints, respiratory system. Those who practice this type of yoga are less prone to stressful situations.
Iyengar is perfect for beginners and people with poor health, as are aimed at the improvement of the whole organism. Performing special asanas helps to recover from injury and in a short time helps to get rid of back pain. Poses and transition between them are carried out smoothly, statically by means of auxiliary materials – rollers, belts, pillows.
Ashtanga-Vinyasa – differs from the previous yoga in that the exercises are performed dynamically, quickly. So, it is implied that a person practicing this type of yoga should be in excellent physical shape.
Ashtanga yoga can be called one of the types of cardio. All exercises are linked with Vinyasas (a series of movements). Poses are executed quickly one after another, without pauses. In addition, it is necessary to remember about concentration, relaxation, and breathing exercises. This type of yoga will appeal to all who consider it boring and slow. Get ready to work up a sweat on a yoga Mat like a simulator. Ashtanga yoga is recommended for those who have already practiced other types.
Kundalini – the choice of those for whom the spiritual world is no less important than the material. To achieve the main goals, asanas, the practice of proper breathing, dynamics, meditation, mantras are used. It combines both static and dynamic asanas. With the help of mantras yoga helps to go beyond the perception of the world, to clear the mind of bad habits and prejudices, it teaches success, carelessness. Regular classes contribute to the development of self-control, getting rid of anger and anger, stress, various dependencies. However, without determination, practice can be a real pain.
Bikram – a distinctive feature of this type of yoga is that classes are held in heated to 400 degrees With a room with a certain humidity. Hence its second name – hot yoga. This popular modern trend is moving further away from spirituality and more like gymnastic exercises. It combines 26 poses and 2 breathing exercises. Today, it is mainly used for rapid weight loss. In addition, the practice cleanses the body and strengthens the immune system.
Aeroyoga is currently gaining popularity. It differs from classical yoga in that all exercises are performed in special hammocks. Therefore, it is also called anti-gravity yoga. Ideal for beginners, even for toddlers and the elderly. In addition, this type is recommended for people with diseases of the musculoskeletal system, respiratory tract, for those who suffer from insomnia, headaches, pain in the lower extremities. The practice promotes the development of plastics, muscles, allows you to get a toned and slender body.
Power yoga — for those who like intensive classes. This is similar to Ashtanga, the only difference is that you do not need to adhere to a strict alternation of poses. However, the effectiveness of this is not reduced. It is recommended to anyone who has problems with muscle imbalance. Power yoga does not include the recitation of mantras and meditation practice.
Jivamukti is a modern direction of yoga, which has become widespread in America. The founders of this school are Sharon Gannon and David life. Includes asana and Vinyasa, reading mantras, meditation practices, studying ancient texts, listening to music. Poses performed a specific sequence, gently moving from one to another in conjunction with the practice of proper breathing. The school recommends a vegetarian diet. Practice promotes the development of concentration, helps to get rid of previous negative experience, to find solutions to problems of a psychological nature. Suitable for people with good physical shape, as this type of yoga is hard enough.